The decision of the developer to maximize the living space and at the same time save the area of the plot quite naturally leads him to the idea of using an attic space (we can read about possible ways to decorate the attic here ). Let the sloping ceilings reduce the height of the walls and create some difficulties - these shortcomings are relegated to the background, if we take into account the significantly higher material costs for the construction of a full floor. Some even manage to turn such ceilings from a disadvantage into an advantage, where the "dead zones" are excellent for storing things or books.
Available designs of one-story private houses with an attic
The issue of deciding on the construction of an operating attic should be decided at the design stage. For example, the effective distribution of the area of the first floor of a 9x9 building might look like this:
- hall - 4 sq.m;
- bathroom - 9.6 sq.m;
- kitchen - 13 sq.m;
- living room - 17.8 sq.m;
- bedroom - 17.5 sq.m.
But that is not all. Any drawings of houses with an attic contain a staircase that gives access to the second level. It seems to be a trifle, but very often you can meet the consequences of neglecting the planning of this element in the form of some kind of awkward stairs, which literally had to be “crammed” into the already decorated room.
This approach is unacceptable, therefore, first of all, you need to think over a convenient and economical attic staircase . Usually its load in a one-story building is small and there is an opportunity to save on size. A width of 500-800 mm is quite enough, you can choose a screw shape or with a minimum march pad.
On the second floor it is quite possible to place:
- hall - 4 sq.m;
- three bedrooms of 15 sq.m.
Features of drawings of two-story houses with an attic
In addition to the presence of a full-fledged second floor, such a plan is distinguished by a more massive area of the staircase. The reason is that several floors imply intensive use of the stairs, so they make it more gentle and wide, which requires additional space.
No less important are the specific features of the layout of the attic. Any projects of two-story private houses with an attic implies a competent calculation of roof slopes, since it is she who will form indicators such as:
- room height;
- useful living space;
- the location of the stairs;
- illumination of rooms.
Usually low places, which are formed due to the truss structure, are adapted for storage of things, all kinds of lockers or pantries. The same property of the roof limits the entrance to the stairs, so most often the normal operation of this unit is possible only when it is installed in the area of the ridge.
An important issue is the organization of natural lighting on the attic floor. If the roof is sloping , then the problem is solved simply by installing windows on the gables. The situation with a sloping roof is somewhat more complicated, but here you can find a solution. Here are a few options:
- special window systems that crash into the roof;
- manufacture of independent pitched structures with windows on their own pediment.
The only drawback of this solution is the increased complexity of the rafter structure, since the presence of such windows entails the use of additional elements to maintain the rigidity of the structure.
In addition to the tasks described above, drawings of two-story houses with an operated attic should provide for appropriate engineering communications:
- sewage system;
- water pipes;
- Electricity of the net;
If the building plan with an attic of up to 100 square meters. m. implies a minimum set of equipment for 3-4 people, the increase in quadrature requires additional domestic and sanitary facilities.
An ordinary attic is insulated at the level of ceilings, which makes it possible to simplify the roofing system, however this method is unacceptable for warming the attic . Here, thermal insulation must be performed directly under the roof covering, taking into account technological gaps for ventilation and vapor barrier materials. This leads to an increase in the load on the rafter system and complicates its design, which should be considered when designing.
Features of the projects of beautiful houses with a garage and an attic
This is one of the best options for a one-story building structure. Despite the fact that fans of a separate box for a car are still enough, in many respects the built-in version of the garage with an attic has a number of advantages :
- central heating;
- compactness of construction;
- savings on the installation of utilities;
- direct entry from home.
At the same time, projects of beautiful houses with an attic should include such factors as :
- fire safety;
- ventilation or exhaust to exhaust;
- insulation of the garage.
Layout of a house with an attic requires certain knowledge and careful study. The construction of a small country house is quite within the reach of anyone who wishes after familiarization with the basics of design and the characteristics of materials. More serious buildings, from design to finishing work, it is better to entrust to specialists with experience - it will be both cheaper and calmer.