Tile is one of the most common materials for decorating ceilings. Features of gluing depend on the type, texture of the surface and the pattern of the material from which it is made.
Types of Tiles
- According to the material of manufacture;
- According to the manufacturing principle;
- By type of surface.
Typically, tiles are made of wood, metal or plastic.
Finishing material from wood has a luxurious appearance, the raw materials are oak, mahogany, aspen, linden. The surface can be carved or smooth, with a variety of patterns. But this type of road also requires a particularly careful approach to installation.
The metal tile is durable, fireproof, can be mirrored or matte. But not for all interiors it will be appropriate. If we talk about living quarters, then it’s suitable for interior design in hi-tech style.
Plastic is the most versatile material both in terms of pattern formation and price. The most practical and popular.
Plastic itself may vary in manufacturing method:
The stamped one is the cheapest, but friable, easily breaks and becomes dirty. A protective film is not provided and it must not be washed.
Injection , or cast, is thicker, stronger and not susceptible to moisture. But it costs many times more than stamped. But if you need a seamless design, then this is the most suitable option.
Extruded - the most durable, has a protective film coating, it can be washed. It is clear that for all the pluses you have to pay even more than for the first two types.
Injection and extruded plates have good sound-absorbing properties, so you should consider installing these types if you need to isolate extraneous sounds penetrating into the room or coming from it.
All types of glue can be divided into the following types:
- Clay "Titan" or "Moment";
- Liquid Nails;
- Gypsum putty.
Glue and liquid nails are the most common option for fixing tiles to the ceiling. These are reliable substances that hold almost any type of finishing material well. But the big drawback is that putting glue or nails on the element, then you have to hold it for a long time pressing it against the ceiling. And underexposure can lead to the fact that soon the tile will begin to peel off.
Mastic catches almost immediately. But you need to apply it on the tile and ceiling, and this method is suitable only for absolutely even ceilings. In this case, the role of employee qualifications increases. The slightest distortion or inaccuracy of gluing and it is likely that you will have to peel off the tile, and clean the ceiling in a new way.
Gypsum putty is used on uneven ceilings, where it acts as an adhesive and evens out the surface.
You need to start it with leveling the ceiling, removing all the bumps. If there is no plaster on the ceiling, then be sure to remove it. Places where shedding is possible - strengthen. Otherwise, any glue will fall along with the tiles and particles of the ceiling or plaster.
Apply glue along the perimeter of the element and crosswise. At the same time, do not forget that when the finishing material is pressed against the ceiling, the glue can come out over the edges. Be sure to immediately clean with a spatula, knife or other thin object and wipe with a cloth.
If you need to combine the pattern, then you first need to fit the edges, and then press the tile so that it seizes with glue.
In general, the process is not difficult, but thoroughness and attention are needed. Then the finishing material will last for years and please the eye.