Linoleum is one of the finishing materials that were mostly popular 20-30 years ago. Then it differed from others by a rather low cost and a high degree of wear resistance. Now linoleum has again begun to become popular and in demand on the market. How not to get lost in its variety of species today?
Basic and baseless
The simplest classification to date is by the presence of a substrate. It is baseless and basic. The first is much cheaper and very short-lived. This option is suitable exclusively for perfectly even floors.
All other types can be immediately attributed to the main ones, which have a substrate. They are divided into:
- Having a warm base. Thickness up to 5mm. It consists of a polymer and lining layers. It is characterized by poor moisture resistance, therefore it is suitable exclusively in the nursery or the living room;
- On a foam basis. The thickness is 2-3.5mm. Suitable for hallways, baths, kitchens, as it repels moisture and it is easy to remove various stains from it.
- Layered. They have good wear resistance and durability. It is made on the basis of fiberglass, the substrate for which is jute or polyester.
Types depending on the material used
The best properties are linoleum, which is made exclusively from materials of natural origin, mainly wood resin, linseed oil and cork flour. This is an ideal flooring in the kitchen, as it creates an antibacterial environment and tends to not absorb fat. This type will retain its original size, structure and color for a long time.
The rubber type of linoleum differs from others in a fairly high ductility. Its top layer is made of a mixture of rubber and a special filler. It features good moisture resistance.
PVC linoleum has a specific smell, which will not be able to weather quickly. It has a fairly attractive appearance, characterized by flexibility and elasticity. A plus is the democratic price. However, its significant drawback is the ability to crack and burst in case of low temperatures.
Gyphthalic linoleum is less durable and flexible than the PVC version. Often cracks can occur on it. However, it is the best in heat and sound insulation.
Type of use
Today there are 3 options available:
- Domestic. It has a thickness of up to 4mm and is often made using a foam base. It is characterized by ease of installation, unpretentiousness and a wide range of textures and colors.
- Semi-commercial. It is mainly intended for use in small hotels or offices, but sometimes it is also used in residential premises. It has higher wear resistance due to a special protective coating.
- Commercial. It was originally designed for rooms with a large cross-country such as museums, hospitals, schools, large offices. It mainly uses PVC coating.
As you can see, the choice of linoleum options is quite wide today. Therefore, it is worth approaching its purchase based on the above characteristics and starting from what premises it is required for.