Parquet is one of the most popular types of flooring, in general, quite expensive material, but, of course, making the interior of the home expressive and attractive. If possible, many seek to equip their homes with parquet floors, which can last for many years. However, the parquet flooring has its drawbacks, among which - creaking in certain areas, which manifests itself over time. It should be noted: this is a fairly common defect.
The parquet that has served for many years creaks: what to do?
In order to be able to do something in such cases, it is desirable to have some idea of the technology of laying parquet . It should be clarified right away - there are several such technologies and in each individual case a different option can be applied. The most widespread, as modern construction shows, are technologies, which are based on the following laying principles :
- concrete base - glue - parquet strip ;
- concrete base - waterproofing - plywood - glue - parquet strip .
Naturally, trying to eliminate the problem of parquet squeaking, you need to know exactly what technology was installed. Accurate information will help to efficiently solve the problem. However, it is not always possible to eliminate the causes of squeaking due to the "patching" of the parquet floor in its individual areas. Sometimes only a complete overhaul allows you to get rid of unpleasant "music". However, the attempt is not torture.
Where to start the fight against the "violinists"?
First of all, it is desirable to accurately determine the place of occurrence of unpleasant creaky notes. Of course, to determine the true cause of the defect, as a rule, is not possible. However, the experience of "treatment" shows: in most cases, the creak appears for reasons :
- peeling off individual planks and friction of one plank on another
- peeling parquet strip and friction on the fastener
- deformation of the base section made on chipboard
In each of the noted cases, when the parquet creaks, the question "what to do?" You can try to solve in several ways. At the same time, each of the methods does not provide for uninstalling the flooring, but also does not promise absolute guarantees of “treatment” for squeaking.
Ways to treat parquet creak:
- filling the inner area of the damaged area with a certain amount of construction glue ;
- fastening peeled strips (parquet boards, boards) with the base of the floor covering using fasteners - screws and dowels .
To carry out repairs by gluing , a regular syringe of sufficient capacity is used. In that place of the parquet floor where creaky sounds are clearly marked, a hole with a diameter of not more than 20 mm is drilled. The parquet layer in this place must be drilled to the very bottom. Next, a fastening solution is poured into the syringe, which can be not only construction adhesive, but also a bitumen mass or cement mixture . The fastening mass is introduced through the drilled hole under the parquet floor.
After integration of the bonding mass, the floor area is isolated from “walking” for at least 48 hours.
If this method helped to eliminate the creak, it remains only to close the hole in the floor with a cork, putty and paint over the color of the parquet.
Another method, sufficiently effective, is to fasten the peeled (cracked, deformed) parts of the parquet with the base of the floor by mechanical fastening with screws and dowels . The idea is as follows:
- drill a layer of parquet to the bottom of the floor;
- drill a pit for a dowel in a concrete base;
- press the prepared dowel into the pit;
- screw the screw into the dowel and thereby tighten the parquet to the concrete base (or to the screed).
This technique is often used in practice when parquet creaks, and the question “what to do” is usually removed from the agenda for a long time.
It is necessary to clarify: the maximum effect is achieved when the fastening is carried out specifically to the concrete base, but not to the cement screed.
Some subtleties of the method of mechanical fastening
Drilling holes for screws (screws) in wood-based parquet is done by two different drills . First, a through hole is drilled (to the concrete base) with a drill diameter of not more than 6 mm (dowel diameter). Then, with a drill of a slightly larger diameter, equal to the diameter of the screw head, an additional groove with a depth of 5-7 mm is made in the area of the upper part of the drilled hole - a hidden bed .
Due to the presence of a hidden box, the wrapped screw will completely “hide” in the parquet structure. Later, when the fasteners are completed, the remaining open part of the box is closed with a wooden cork and the repair point is tinted to match the parquet.
After completing the drilling of the wooden base, proceed to the drilling of the concrete base. It uses a hammer drill and the corresponding drill. To ensure the reliability of the fasteners, it is required to make a pit with a depth of at least 40 mm. As soon as the pit is ready, the dowel is driven inside.
If necessary, if the creaking area covers a large area of the parquet floor, several similar mounting points are made . Experts advise when using these works to use a kind of temporary backups. These are wooden bars with a cross section of approximately 50x50 mm and a height equal to the height of the room, plus a small tolerance. Such a bar rests at one end on the ceiling of the room, and at the other end on the parquet floor near the point of creation of the screed. This technique improves the quality of the fasteners.
Other options for eliminating squeaking parquet
Craftsmen offer a couple more ways to get rid of the creakiness of the floor, the idea of which is simply to lubricate the rubbing elements between themselves and thereby eliminate the creak . As a lubricant, a wax-based composition is used, and the introduction into the defective area is carried out through a system of miniature holes. However, in practice such a solution to the problem was not marked by particular success. If it was possible to get a positive result, then only for a short period of time.