Living room - the central room in the apartment. Here guests are welcomed and family members spend a lot of time. The living room should be stylish and comfortable, therefore, special attention is paid to its design, furniture and accessories are carefully selected. In Khrushchev apartments, rooms are small in size, therefore, when creating a design project, both practicality and aesthetic component are taken into account.
Features of the design of living rooms in Khrushchev
"Khrushchev" refers to typical apartments built in the period from the mid-50s to the end of the 80s of the last century. Houses in this period were built quickly, from panels, and in large numbers, and the apartments in them were distinguished by poor sound insulation, small size and not the most convenient layout.
Panel houses can be found in almost any city
Khrushchev’s, or as they are now commonly called “grandmother’s” apartments, today make up a significant share of the housing stock, so the designers have developed many options for redevelopment and design of such apartments. You can turn a small living room into a comfortable and stylish room on your own by looking at various options on the Internet and taking into account your own preferences.
Walk-through rooms are often found in typical apartments
The apartments are dominated by a passage type of rooms, a small kitchen adjoins the living room. The entrance hall, bathroom and hallway are usually small and narrow. The standard living room has an area of 16-18 m 2 . Based on this, it is most right to start with a redevelopment. Depending on what walls in the apartment are load-bearing, they resort to the demolition of extra partitions, thereby obtaining a large area and the ability to select the right option.
Zoning allows you to functionally use the area in the apartment
And the following details should also be considered:
- In order to make the interior as comfortable as possible, you should use techniques to visually increase the space - light colors, glossy surfaces, mirrors.
- For zoning, use arches, decorative partitions, a bar counter.
- Combine the living room with the kitchen or bedroom, organize a workplace.
- Ceilings should be made single-level, glossy.
- Use only the necessary furniture in a compact size and calm colors.
Determine the style: classic, minimalism, provence
For a small room, it is very important to choose a laconic style that allows you to maximize the use of space and makes it possible to choose modular furniture. It should be interesting in design and made in a calm color scheme. Classic, modern, minimalism, Provence, loft remain popular.
This style is preferably used when combining the living room with the hallway or kitchen. For zoning, the arch is most often used, and the interior is decorated in bright colors.
Crystal chandelier - a must-have attribute of the classic style
A crystal chandelier and mirrors in elegant frames will be appropriate. The furniture is selected from noble wood with leather upholstery.
This style involves light and airy space with no frills. For decoration materials are used without a picture, plain or with a gradation of color.
The minimum amount of furniture and accessories makes the living room spacious
The minimum number of multifunctional furniture of a simple geometric shape is selected. Furniture facades are glossy and even, without additional decor. As additional accents, paintings, posters, photos or wall clocks of an unusual shape are used.
You can create a romantic atmosphere in the living room by designing it in the Provence style. For decoration materials are used in pastel colors, with a floral, checkered or striped pattern.
The drawing room wallpaper and light furniture add a romantic style to the living room.
Furniture - necessarily aged, elegant form. Armchairs, chest of drawers and wardrobe - with carved legs. A special chic living room give a cupboard display cabinet. As additional accessories, ceramics, bouquets of dried flowers are used. The finishing touch is light curtains with floral patterns.
Loft style is characterized by minimal wall decoration - they are painted white, or create an imitation of brickwork. In the decor almost no accessories are used, and there are no curtains on the windows.
Natural wood and brickwork look organically
The main place is reserved for a large sofa, which is installed in the center of the living room. Open space can be divided using glass partitions or open shelving. A large number of modern technology can be organically combined with antiques.
Decorative brick is the most fashionable option for wall decoration.
Photo gallery: various styles of design of the living room
- The metal parts of the chandelier, floor lamp and cornice are designed in the same color scheme
- Floor-mounted bookcase-shelf separates the living room
- Mahogany furniture blends seamlessly into the interior
- Straight lines of the interior complemented by smooth ceramic lines
- Bright color accents complement the interior
- Cold lilac shade complemented by furniture in warm colors
- Zoning of the living room is done both using a partition and using the color of the walls
- Wall mural city views expand the living room space
- The gray tones of the living room complement the details of natural wood.
- The living room, combined with the working area, is complemented by a bookshelf of an interesting shape and contrasting color
- Dark upholstery stands out against the walls.
- Pastel colors create a soft and airy interior.
- Geometric wallpaper ornament expands the space
- The colorful carpet in the living room immediately draws attention
Layout, zoning options
The living room can be combined with an entrance hall, a kitchen, less often with a bedroom. If it is possible to demolish partitions, then using zoning you can arrange a studio apartment. You can do redevelopment in various ways, the main thing is to plan everything in advance - choose the furniture that will be in the apartment and consider possible options for its arrangement. Computer programs and various applications allow you to do this before starting the repair.
Programs allow you to choose the right option based on the color and size of furniture
For redevelopment, you can use the following options:
- Partially tear down the wall by erecting an arch in its place.
- Demolish the wall completely, in its place building columns for zoning.
- Demolish the partitions completely, transforming the apartment into a studio.
- Partially tear down the wall by installing a bar counter or a sliding glass partition in its place.
Zoning in the apartment can be carried out using:
- Lighting - by placing a certain type of fixtures.
- Color - choosing a darker or contrasting color of the walls.
- Flooring - by placing a carpet in the relaxation area or in the sleeping area.
By combining the kitchen and the living room, we get a room with two windows, which means it will become much brighter. If you use monochrome colors in your design, the room will seem visually larger. Do not use large prints and contrasting finishes.
After combining, the room will become light and spacious
The most common option is a partial or complete demolition of a partition and separation using a bar or arch. It is more convenient to place the dining table at the junction of rooms - it will be more spacious, and an additional dining area will be added.
It is convenient to combine the small bedroom with the living room by completely removing the partition and dividing the zones using an open shelf, Japanese curtains or a screen. The bed can be placed on the podium with built-in drawers for storing things.
The berth is separated by a curtain.
To save space, instead of a bed, you can use a sofa or a bed built into the wall, which in the daytime will occupy much less space.
Studio living room
If there is the possibility of demolition of all partitions, an apartment with small corners can be turned into a modern studio apartment . The relaxation area will be located around a large sofa located on the carpet. The kitchen can be separated by a bar or partition, and a berth can be placed behind a transparent screen or curtain.
The sofa can be used as a bed at night, and during the day as a place to relax
At the same time, the bed can replace the corner sofa, which can be positioned so that it fences the dining area from the bedroom.
Combining a living room with a balcony
If the apartment has a balcony or loggia, they can easily be combined with the total area. The balcony needs to be insulated and glazed, and instead of the door put an arch or make a structure of drywall - you get a small room with a bay window.
The glazed balcony can be combined with the living room and used as a resting place.
Thanks to this reception, the apartment will have more light and you can get an additional room for rest or a workplace.
The color scheme for a small living room
For a small room, it is best to choose light colors - white, beige, blue, gray, etc. The optimal combination is white with blue, olive, turquoise, coffee. Light colors visually expand and enlarge the space. The combination of selected colors should be used both for decorating walls, and in the selection of furniture and textiles.
Light shades visually expand the space
Contrasting combinations should be avoided, as they visually reduce the room. To ensure that the interior does not seem sterile and boring, it is enough to make 2-3 color accents. It can be a wall panel, decorative pillows, curtains.
It is possible to use striped or large print wallpapers when decorating one or two opposite walls.
2-3 color accents are enough to revive the interior
Living room decoration: floor, walls, ceiling
When choosing materials for decorating the living room, give preference to natural materials. Since the room is small and has a lot of time, it is important that materials containing toxins or other harmful substances are not used. An important factor is the ability to easily and quickly clean. It is better not to use dusty carpeting and synthetic fabrics.
For finishing the floor, a parquet board or laminate with a high resistance to abrasion is ideal. Parquet organically fits into any interior, and the laminate has a large number of different shades, which allows you to choose the best suitable shade.
A warm-colored laminate looks organically in a living room decorated in beige tones.
You can lay parquet, laminate and tile diagonally - this technique allows you to visually increase the area of the living room.
No less attractive in the living room looks ceramic tiles or porcelain tiles, which were previously used only in bathrooms and in the kitchen. Thanks to the floor heating system, this material is increasingly used to decorate the living room.
The glossy surface of the tile adds volume to the room
For a combined living room, it is better to choose a solid coating of light shade.
When using various materials for finishing the floor, the volume of the room will visually decrease.
To highlight the guest or sleeping area, you can use a small plain carpet in a contrasting color. It must be of the correct geometric shape - rectangular or round.
Near the guest sofa you can lay a small carpet
When decorating walls, the emphasis is increasingly on color and texture. Various types of plaster are used, decoration with decorative white brick. Some styles involve refusing wall decoration or very rough plastering.
Loft style involves minimal wall decoration
If the choice is made in favor of wallpaper, then choose either vinyl or non-woven wallpaper.
Floral print on the wallpaper is typical for the Provence style
Choose wallpaper with either a small print or solid color depending on the style. Of course, if the living room is decorated in the style of Provence, a floral drawing will be appropriate. For a small room you can not use a large picture and a wide strip - they will visually reduce the volume of the room.
Since the ceiling height in Khrushchev is initially small, the best option is perfect alignment and painting in white or another very light color. But it is perfectly acceptable to use both suspended and suspended ceilings.
Smooth white ceiling - perfect for a small room
Stretch ceilings are best chosen with a glossy surface, they will visually make the room taller. Two-level pendant structures are convenient because spotlights can be mounted in them.
Part of the ceiling above the dining area is highlighted by a glossy tension surface
When choosing suspended ceilings, it should be borne in mind that they will reduce the actual height of the room.
Two-level ceilings can have a different configuration and color combination
The original solution is to place a suspended structure around the perimeter of the room, and close the central part with a stretch ceiling.
The choice of furniture for the living room
Since the room is small and multi-functional, it is assumed that the maximum use of the built-in furniture - wardrobes, racks for storing things. To increase the space, it is better to choose materials with a glossy surface. The cabinet doors can be mirrored - this will add light to the living room.
Glossy and mirror surfaces increase room volume
The main attention should be paid to the selection of upholstered furniture. Give preference to modular designs, which when folded will occupy a minimum of space - a wardrobe bed, a sofa bed. At night, they turn into a full-fledged sleeping place, and during the day they will allow the room to be more spacious.
A wardrobe bed in the daytime takes up a minimum of space
Furniture should be lightweight, with light and practical upholstery that is easy to clean. Depending on the style, you can choose the appropriate pattern or texture. When arranging furniture, in order to make the room seem more spacious, you should step back 10 cm from the wall.
Do not push the sofa close to the walls to make the room seem more spacious
Corner sofa will be appropriate only in a large room.
A low square table is conducive to a tea party
There must be a coffee table in the guest area so that you can have tea with guests in a relaxed atmosphere.
Glass table in the living room does not reduce space
In order not to hide the place, choose the option with a transparent tabletop made of glass or plastic.
Lighting is an important factor in the interior. In Khrushchev apartments, windows are usually small in size, so it makes sense to use, in addition to the main lighting, additional sources - spotlights, floor lamps, wall sconces. They will allow you to feel comfortable in the living room and at the same time give the opportunity to create either a solemn or intimate atmosphere.
Each separate area of the living room has additional lighting.
For a comfortable stay in the living room, it is better to choose light bulbs with warm light.
If the living room is combined with the kitchen, then with the help of lamps you can distinguish separate zones.
Laconic chandelier is appropriate over the dining area
A chandelier will be appropriate above the dining area, spotlights can be placed above the guest area, and a floor lamp or wall sconce can be placed next to the sofa. For the kitchen, you can choose a separate option.
For the living room, it is better to choose a chandelier equipped with a dimmer.
For the dining area of the kitchen, a chandelier with original shades was chosen
The choice of decor elements for a small apartment should be approached with a sense of proportion and caution. It’s better to have a few - three or four, but they will be stylish and of high quality, this will only emphasize the good taste of the owner.
Pictures, sofa cushions are designed in one color scheme
Excess decor and accessories can turn the living room into a warehouse, so their number should be limited.
Walls can decorate paintings or photographs in simple frames, murals, panels. For a coffee table, pick up a bouquet or flower arrangement in a beautiful vase.
A modular painting complements the living room interior.
For a sofa and armchairs, you can purchase pillows of an interesting shape or with an original print.
Roman curtain and sofa cushions matched with a similar print
Curtains should be chosen depending on the style. It can be curtains or light floral curtains, Japanese curtains or blinds. The main thing is that they should harmoniously fit into the interior.
Photo Gallery: Living Room Design Options
- Glossy surfaces and additional lighting visually increase the space
- Light furniture looks advantageous against a dark floor background
- Light furniture arranged along the walls frees the center of the room
- The living room and entrance hall are separated by an arch with a built-in open shelving
- Cushions and floor lamps that add warm colors to the interior are used as color accents.
- The glass top makes the table almost invisible, which allows you not to overload the interior
- Mirrored cabinet and glossy surfaces expand the space
- The bright interior of the living room is complemented by corner shelves in contrasting color.
- Mirrors in the wall and glass furniture elements visually enlarge the room
- Japanese curtains are used as partitions between the living room and hallway
Video: interior design for small living rooms in Khrushchev
The standard living room in Khrushchev can be converted into a stylish and comfortable one or combined with other rooms by creating a studio apartment. The result will be pleasing if you independently develop a project and implement it. This will make it possible to use existing furniture, and save money.