Nothing is more individual than your own home. Let it be even a small cottage, but the architectural style and design will be able to emphasize and distinguish it from the general number of neighboring buildings. Moreover, every year those who wish to live away from the bustle of the city only increase. Therefore, the question is increasingly being asked: which is better to build a house and how to do it economically . The answer to these tasks consists of many factors that need to be considered by everyone who has decided to implement the construction independently. The choice of the optimal project and material is important here, of course, the presence of certain skills and tools is welcome.
Popular types of houses
When choosing a project, first of all, you should determine the purpose of the house - how much time a year is planned to live in it. On this basis, objects are divided into the following types :
- country - for seasonal living;
- cottages - for temporary or permanent residence;
- country house a - for permanent residence.
Cottage structures do not require special measures for heat supply and planning, therefore, the cost of these buildings is much lower than the rest. Cottages are already spacious rooms with higher requirements. For example, the operating temperature is initially laid down to -25 ° C. Accordingly, the cost increases. Capital suburban housing is a building with all the communications necessary for the existence and meeting all modern requirements for heat saving. Structurally performed in the form of two-story or attic buildings. The second option is economically justified, since an attic space is used for living.
The main question: what is still better to build a house and from what?
The most justified in financial terms is the construction of a one-story suburban building . For a family of four to five people, a living space of 120-150 square meters is enough . meters subject to competent planning. A simplified communications wiring system will reduce costs not only for their arrangement, but also for the entire period of further operation. The basic question for a novice builder is the material for the walls . The structural scheme of the object involves the separation of these elements into two types :
Particular attention is paid to supporting structures that must meet the permissible stresses, be durable and have architectural expressiveness. You can build a house with your own hands on a video that will help determine the choice of a certain material. Internal walls are made of materials that meet the standards of strength and sound insulation. Structurally, the walls are divided into several types :
- chopped - from logs or beams;
- frame - from timber with sheathing with sheet material and thermal insulation;
- panel board - finished elements with door and window openings;
- brick - from small blocks or bricks;
- monolithic - from slag concrete, foam concrete, expanded clay concrete or aerated concrete blocks.
Each of the types has its own advantages and disadvantages , you can thoroughly understand the characteristics of materials yourself. However, on the development of the project, it will be more rational to turn to professionals who have the necessary information and skills. Consider several types of buildings.
Building made of timber
A classic of homebuilding, in which coniferous wood is most often used: spruce, cedar, pine, fir . Bearing structures are made of denser varieties of larch or oak . Everyone who thinks about the question of which house is best to build should know the advantages of a wooden dwelling :
- environmental friendliness;
- comfortable microclimate;
- minimum finishing costs;
- speed of construction.
However, in this case, it will be necessary to take into account the costs of antiseptic and fire-retardant treatments .
One of the most durable , subject to the design and operational standards, can last at least 100-150 years. Modern insulation technologies can significantly reduce heat loss. The main advantages of a brick structure :
- high strength characteristics;
- high fire safety;
- resistance to fungi and insects.
For those who decide to build their own home with their own hands on video , there is a large amount of brickwork material on the Internet. At the same time, one should not forget that this is an expensive option , moreover, it requires certain skills and time costs.
House of foam blocks
At this stage of civil engineering, the foam block is widespread due to its low price and thermal insulation characteristics . The large size of the blocks can reduce the time of erection of walls .
Everyone who knows which house is better to build , should take into account one point: to get the maximum effect from the use of foam concrete, you must strictly adhere to the technology of masonry and finishing work . The slightest violation of standards can provoke destructive processes.
Houses made of wood concrete blocks
Arbolit is suitable for the construction of houses of various types - cottages, country, suburban (up to 3 floors inclusive). The only difference is the thickness of the walls: for a summer residence, a wall of 20 cm is enough, for all-weather construction it is recommended to erect a wall of 40 cm (according to SNIP standards to the middle strip of the Urals).
In the west, premium class suburban housing is being built from the analogue of arbolite. In Europe, its “naturalness” and environmental friendliness are greatly appreciated.
Due to its lightness, a lightweight foundation can be used in the construction of houses made of wood concrete.
A great advantage is that arbolite practically does not shrink , so there is no need to wait until the foundation settles.
This material is also the leader among all materials in work on a bend . Literally, this means that even if the foundation sags, the walls do not crack, unlike other materials (foam blocks or aerated concrete blocks, for example).
Arbolit has high thermal performance . This is one of the few materials that does not require insulation. Accordingly - savings on the facade, on materials and work on wall insulation.
During the operation of such a house, the costs of heating it are reduced, since the arbolite does not take heat, and the energy goes directly to the heating of the room.
For load-bearing walls, structural blocks with a density of at least 650 kg / m3 are used. Due to its strength and high frost resistance, a house made of wood concrete with proper operation will last more than 70 years.
House on frame technology
This design is one of the most affordable , modern materials provide high thermal performance . The use of current technologies in finishing works guarantees effective protection against negative atmospheric influences. Main advantages :
- speed of construction;
- affordable price;
- environmental friendliness;
- heat efficiency.
The lining of such housing can be made of any available material, starting with brick and ending with corrugated board.
Is it possible to build a capital house with your own hands based on affordable video materials
Any novice builder who decides to seriously approach the question of building his own home is simply obliged to thoroughly study the properties of materials and the features of working with them. Available materials that are created by experienced craftsmen can help with this. Their effect will become apparent immediately after the start of work and will help with issues such as:
- design basics;
- optimization of labor costs;
- geodetic developments;
- methods of arranging the foundation;
- methods of erecting walls;
- arrangement of communications.
Before you build a house with your own hands on videos available on the Internet, do not forget that some of them were shot by incompetent people. Therefore, you need to use only videos of reputable experts, the qualifications of which are confirmed by many masters. The experience of builders with experience will allow you to understand many of the intricacies of building technology and believe in your own strengths. It must be remembered that not everyone is born as builders, professionalism comes with time.