Slopes are installed on plastic windows and other structures. Their functional significance lies in aesthetic appearance and practicality. They cover the mounting foam and prevent the destruction and yellowing of the material.
On the inside of the room, slopes are installed by builders and installers. This option will be simpler and less costly due to the comprehensive service under the contract.
- Installation of slopes. The final step in installing windows is wall cladding next to them. The wall surface may be damaged during installation, the foam will be visible, irritate the owner of the apartment, spoil the appearance. The purpose of the slopes is to give beauty to the appearance of the window, to protect it from humidity and air penetration through openings. The effect of a condensing substance will not be scary with them, the difference in temperatures inside and out is overcome. The decorative element carries the function of decoration, creating coziness and auspicious atmosphere.
External slopes have the purpose of:
- Shelter of foam from the sun, atmospheric precipitation, temperature conditions.
- The sun destroys the mounting foam, so you need to set the slopes faster.
- Polyurethane foam that is not covered by slopes can absorb moisture, deteriorate and reduce the quality of thermal insulation.
Timely installation of slopes will maintain the high quality of the structure, protection against temperature extremes, noise, and cold will occur.
- Painting work on slopes, plastering surfaces.
An inexpensive method to put a wall in order is plastering work. Outside and inside the surface, this method finishes. Mortars with a cement base are recommended, cement and gypsum compositions are also suitable.
The outer surface must be treated with a special tool, often with heat-insulating properties.
The advantages of this method are in an affordable price, the availability of tools. Work can be carried out independently, the strength of the coating and resistance to fire are provided.
The negative aspects will be the small thickness of the plaster, not more than 2 cm. The surface should be more or less even, otherwise additional alignment will be required.
By time, plastering takes a long time. Wall contamination can occur at any time. Regular updating in this case will lead to additional costs.
The principle of work is as follows: preparatory work is carried out in the form of removal of old trains. Notches on concrete are made to increase adhesion, excess foam, stains, and dust are removed. Antiseptic treatment is performed by the master.
Fixation of the coating occurs with masking tape. Slopes are primed. The adhesion will be better, there will be no shedding after applying the primer. The corners of the opening are sealed with plastic or metal corners.
The gypsum mix will give strength, a spatula is used to apply the layer, the surface is leveled. The upper plane in a horizontal position is poured with a solution using a wide spatula.
Alignment is when applying several layers to the wall. the angle is done with an angle tool. The angle is between the vertical plane and the horizontal direction of the slopes. The reinforcing mesh for the outer plane is applied by pressing it into the plaster. Then it is left to give rigidity.
Putty is used, it levels the wall. A primer is applied on top. The last layer is in the form of plaster. Some make painting of putty surfaces, give relief.
If you follow the rules, you will get beautiful and even slopes.
- Drywall for slope surfaces.
Expensive work to be done with drywall. This material is great for interior decoration. Outside it is made with a special protective layer. A mixture of plaster may become protection.
Drywall must have moisture resistance properties. Condensation must not destroy the composition. Treatment with primer layers and formulations with moisture protection is carried out by a specialist.
The positive aspects of the method: an inexpensive finish, leveling any surface, low weight of the material, there will be no weighting and falling off of drywall, simple installation. There are negative points.
These include fear of drywall moisture, low strength, which can lead to damage to property and destruction, the appearance of spots. In case of damage, restoration of the coating is done.
Methods for mounting from drywall: installation of a lath made of wood, metal. Fixing with an L-shaped corner on the outside of the frame. Thermal insulation material to fill the space between the wall and the slope. The method of attaching to the wall using foam, putty, glue.
A smooth slope is obtained subject to the rules
The old finish must be removed, the slopes cleaned and primed, the damage is repaired by the composition of the plaster mixture. A base coat is applied with an antiseptic effect and a moisture resistant effect. Measurements are made for cutting drywall. For painting, an acrylic composition is selected.
- Slopes made of plastic.
PVC panels are used. A very simple way that will ensure speed. The advantages are durability of the coating; hygiene, ease of care, lack of mold. Plastic slopes will serve for a long time, have a beautiful appearance.
The thickness of the panels reaches a centimeter. There are surfaces with gloss and with a matte effect. Matte pleasantly attracts attention, gloss shines and shimmers. Panels can be painted in some color, imitate natural material.
The works include: surface preparation, removal of mounting foam, dirt and dust, the use of a primer, antiseptic, drying. The L-profile is mounted around the entire perimeter of the frame. Self-tapping screws at a distance of 20 cm from each other fasten slopes.
A 12 cm wood lath is attached to the edge from the outside. A profile is attached to it, which will be mounted in the panel. The joint seam is closed with a corner. Mounting is done on self-tapping screws. You can replace them with liquid nails.
Panel materials are selected, mineral wool is added. Replace the insulation can foam, putty on the panel with a spatula. To save the geometry do not take a lot of foam.
Liquid nails are added to the recess between the side and the upper plane. The lock fastening of the L profile is complemented by a clamp with a stapler to the tree. A corner of a decorative type on top of the panel will give a complete look. Then the film is removed.
For exterior decoration, it is not advisable to use PVC panels, because the material is subject to deformation under temperature extremes.
- Sandwich Panels.
The panel is practical. Plastic sheets alternate with extruded or foamed polystyrene. Thermal insulation is getting better. Thickness varies from 8 mm to 36 mm. Warming will be of high quality. Mineral wool is not necessary. With humidity, there may be delamination. Installation is similar to working with plastic panels. Liquid nails cannot hold surfaces firmly together.
- Decorative stone for finishing panels.
Material of natural origin will be expensive, heavy. Beautiful outside, does not replace other properties. The slope may not withstand the load. Making artificial stone from cement and gypsum will replace natural stone.
Stone, artificial in composition, is able to tolerate heavy loads, the impact of negative influences. Inside the slopes and outside trimmed with stone.
The excellent appearance of the material is a plus. Shades have a lot of pigmentation, the structure is diverse. With a flat surface, no defects are needed. Serifs give better grip.
The primer of the wall is needed for leveling. If defects are found, plaster the walls. Reinforced mesh overlays for durability. The design is fixed with adhesive, the instructions are followed. The shape of the stone is different.
Preparation takes place in the form of a horizontal layout for a trial solution, the docking should be good. The glue is applied with a spatula or comb. The stone is trimmed with gypsum with a hacksaw. The cement base requires the use of a circular slab. After the glue dries, a mashing agent is applied. The composition is applied on top of the stone coating to increase the operational life.
- Metal for finishing slopes.
For the exterior decoration of slopes, metal material is used. Resistance to moisture, temperature, sunlight, and the absence of cracks are the hallmarks.
- Other finishing compounds.
In addition to the listed materials, wood panels, wallpaper, ceramic tiles are used, wallpaper is applied to plaster. Corners are glued to close the seam.
The tile creates harmony, is not afraid of changes in temperature, humidity, sunlight. All of the above materials require proper installation and should perfectly shade the main structure, be part of it.
The structure of the finishing material is selected taking into account the features of the window and the surface of the wall. The smooth and smooth surface of the slopes is very important during finishing work.
Do you know how to bring smooth and beautiful slopes? Share your experience in the comments.