The car in our time has ceased to be an isolated phenomenon. Almost every family has such a means of transportation in its arsenal. To keep the property intact, to protect the car from the adverse effects of the climate, to get a comfortable place for express repairs - you need a garage with a strong and reliable gate.
Types of garage doors
Garage doors are most often made of metal. This is the most reliable and durable material for "doors to the car home." Garage doors traditional swing or lifting by a wave of a hand pressing the remote control - the choice is completely on the side of the owner of the garage.
Adherents of solid and durable can supply swing type designs. It was these gates, equipped with a large "barn" padlock, were the most common in Soviet times. But the "dominance" of the same type of construction is a thing of the distant past.
The modern assortment of garage doors is much more diverse:
- Hinged of two wings.
- Consisting of sections.
- Rotary lifting.
This type of gate is the most common due to its accessibility both materially and constructively. Such structures can be built on their own, without resorting to manufacturing companies.
A convenient gate allows you to enter the garage without opening the large doors
The material for the manufacture of these structures is metal; previously, wood with a metal screed was used.
They consist of the following structural units:
- two hinged sashes;
- a box in the doorway;
- separate small door (not at all gates) - for entry / exit without opening large wings.
The gates open outwards, thereby allowing full use of the entire interior of the garage.
Gates that can be folded fully retracting upwards. They represent a system consisting of panels.
Sections (4-6 pieces) are made of metal, between them are gaskets. Durable sandwich panels of forty-millimeter thickness are often used as sections: 2 sheets of galvanized steel, and polyurethane foam between them. Representatives of the elite can afford such structures made of wood of expensive species.
Beauty, convenience, functionality - characteristics of sectional doors
The folding mechanism is based on a spring with guides and a chain transmission.
Most often, owners of garages with such gates use a design with a rise to the ceiling, controlled by a remote control, but it is possible to produce sectional doors with manual fixation. To prevent accidents, structural damage or damage to the car, sensors that react to obstacles (large objects, people, cars, etc.) are built into this gate. When such objects are detected, the sensors are triggered and the web lowering is blocked.
Structures of this type can be installed on the inside of the garage.
Such garage doors are also called roller gates because of the similarity of their mechanism with window shutters. The aluminum plates (lamellas) that make up the structure are connected to a flexible sheet and removed in a special container located at the top.
The movement of the web occurs along the guides located in the protective box at the top of the garage, the lamellas are wound on the drive shaft, which can be mounted both outside and inside the "car home".
The drive shaft is located inside the garage
Small roll-up gates up to three meters wide can be folded manually, large-sized (six-meter wide) work using an electric drive and a special control system.
It is better to install roll-up gates in the garage if there are additional security equipment (alarm) or in closed areas with a throughput system, since such a design cannot ensure decent vehicle safety.
Video: the principle of operation of rolling gates
The sliding gates work in one direction, parallel to the pediment. Such structures should have a sufficiently large space in the front wall of the garage - for the normal functioning of the mechanism.
The basis of such gates is profiles with a fastened blade, covered with enamel (in rare cases - wood). In fact, there can be two or more cusps, in which case they move in different directions.
To actuate the sliding mechanism, additional areas are needed in the frontal plane
Sliding gates are not so often used in garages, such structures are more in demand in industrial hangars or at the entrance to the territory under protection.
Lifting and swiveling
In this gate, one all-metal panel closes the doorway of the garage and is driven by a lever-hinged mechanism.
Guide rails are “laid” on the sides of the opening and under the ceiling, along which the garage door rises or falls with the help of plastic rollers on bearings. The movement is carried out back and up.
When the gate is fully opened, the sash takes a position parallel to the ceiling of the garage, leaving a small hinged “peak” in the upper part of the opening.
Such door designs cannot retain heat indoors
The panel itself is a “sandwich” made of steel sheet or galvanized sheet with a polyurethane of forty-millimeter thickness laid between them (as insulation). You can paint the sandwich panel in any suitable color scheme - bronze, walnut, copper, marble. Finishing with valuable species of wood, corrugated board - with mandatory additional processing from corrosion is not excluded.
This type of garage door is most acceptable when there is heating in this room or in a warm climate, since such an opening mechanism does not contribute to the conservation of heat inside the garage.
This type of garage door resembles an accordion of several sections separated by gaskets. The possibilities of such gates are not limited to folding up / down, there are designs with a vertical mechanism for opening and closing sections (left / right).
Folded sections are fixed at the top or sides. The usual number of folding elements is three or more; they can be folded at angles of 90 and 180 degrees.
Places for opening the gate do not need as much as for functioning
When using four wings, the middle elements can be superimposed on the extreme ones, attached to them with clamps and rotated 180 ° with them, opening a large space in the middle for the car to travel.
Advantages and disadvantages of various types
In order for the choice of garage doors to be the most correct and in future operation not to disappoint you, it is necessary to take into account all the advantages and disadvantages of garage designs.
|Types of garage doors||pros||Minuses|
|Swing||Reliability and durability.|
The possibility of self-manufacturing.
Using a multi-bolt lock mechanism (instead of a padlock).
|A large space is required to open the wings.|
The opening platform should be flat, free of snow, earth and other debris.
Loosening of fixing loops during long-term operation.
|Sectional||Easy opening / closing mechanism.|
Profitability in placement (both in a garage, and at an entrance to it).
A wide assortment of coatings and materials for sections.
Hydro, sound and heat insulation properties in sandwich panels.
The dimensions of the gates can be different (suitable for large rooms).
No additional opening mechanisms required.
Low resistance to the penetration of strangers inside the garage (hacking).
High probability of failure of the electric drive device.
Relatively light weight construction.
Possibility of remote control.
|Low strength, fragility.|
Low noise and heat insulation.
Unreliable opening mechanism.
|Retractable||Save space in front of the garage.|
Stability and durability.
|A place is needed for the sash to roll back.|
|Lifting and swiveling||It does not require a large space in front of the garage (like a swing gate).|
The simplicity of installation work.
No need to clear the surrounding area.
Protection against the penetration of cold into the room is achieved by gaskets.
|When folding the sections up, you need free space in the garage (up to half a meter).|
The instability of the valves to mechanical stress.
The need to install powerful automatic drives.
|Folding||Sashes can be equipped with windows.|
Less space required than for swing gates.
|Additional space (0.5 m) is required near the garage.|
Useful tips when choosing
When choosing a garage door, it is advisable to take into account the following indicators:
- design as a whole;
- reliability of the opening / closing mechanism (presence or absence of blocking);
- the presence and high resistance to operation of the sealing units;
- thermal insulation;
- corrosion resistance;
- high security;
- warranty periods.
Structural features must be taken into account so that your garage meets the available capabilities. For example, when choosing a swing gate, you will need a place in front of the garage, the use of a retractable structure implies the presence of a large free area in the front surface, and high ceilings are required for the use of up-and-down doors.
The safety of opening mechanisms will help to preserve your property, and in some cases even the life of the owner of the garage, so this item requires special attention. Get acquainted with various systems, consult with specialists and do not ignore the opinion of customers who already use certain mechanisms.
The temperature conditions of the garage depend on the availability of high-quality sealing units and the high thermal insulation properties of the doors, and this, in turn, affects the maintenance of the car’s functionality at a high level. You should not make the car’s home too warm (this is especially true in hot weather) so as not to damage some of the components sensitive to high temperatures. Excessive cold is also not useful for the car, it can affect the quality of fuel, oil, brake fluid. There is only one conclusion - when installing a garage door, choose designs that allow you to maintain optimal temperature conditions in the room.
If we talk about security, then for the safety of expensive property, you can turn to the latest technologies that do not allow outsiders to get into the garage. Give preference to systems that are difficult to fake, for example, a contactless individual card. When you bring it to a special device, the necessary information is read, and the gate opens.
Garage - a building that involves long-term operation, so it is desirable that the gate last as long as possible. The use of anticorrosive agents is one of the conditions for the durability of garage doors.
Manufacturers of this type of goods clearly prescribe the warranty periods for their operation, and also provide a list of what the warranty does not apply to. Try to get acquainted with all the documentation provided by manufacturers before paying for the purchase.
When buying a garage door, you need to find a balance between quality and price for this product. Do not chase cheap gates to the detriment of their technical characteristics and safety aspects of use.
It is best to trust the companies that produce garage doors that have proven themselves in the market from the very best side.
Companies rightfully occupying leading positions in this area of production:
- Hörmann (Germany). The delivery of goods is carried out directly from the manufacturing country, the gates are sold through a network of representative offices.
- Alutech (Belarus). This company buys component parts in Germany and Italy (drive mechanisms). Sales of products are common in many countries (Russia, Ukraine, Czech Republic, etc.)
- DoorHan (Russia). This company cooperates with China and Italy, buying the necessary structural elements in these countries.
One of the main indicators of gate reliability is a high-quality automatic drive mechanism (if such a design is provided). The presence of this node, of course, increases the cost of goods, but also adds additional comfort in the operation of the gate. Therefore, the choice of a solid automatic system must be entrusted to trusted manufacturers: Italian companies Nice, Came, Faac, Chinese ANMotors.
The assortment range of German manufacturers is constantly growing. Hörmann manufactures sectional, rolling, folding, fireproof, high-speed doors, both for private traders and industrial enterprises. In addition to gates, this manufacturer produces drive units, control mechanisms, visors, boxes, etc.
Belarussian Alutech offers whole complexes of goods - roller, door, profile systems. A wide range of components for gates - ebbs, automation, barriers and many other products can be found at dealers who work with this company.
Russian door manufacturers represented by DoorHan company put on the market a wide range of various products: household and industrial gates, rolling shutters, roller shutters, hangar systems for closing and opening, automation for gates, fencing systems, steel doors and much more.
Having trusted the reputation of the manufacturer, it would be useful to get acquainted with the customer reviews of various types of garage structures. Authors style and spelling saved.
Installed three years ago, "Hormann", set himself, there is nothing complicated ...
When I bought - there was an alternative a little cheaper, Belarusian DOORHAN some .. I read that there were complaints about them ... The drive had 2 options: more powerful and more expensive and also cheaper and weaker .. I chose the second one, because the gates are small, 2X2, 5 m. Enough is enough.
There is a plug for an antenna that increases the range of the key fob .. I didn’t connect anything, the key fob takes 5-6 meters without an antenna. The thermal insulation properties of IMHO gates are lower than average .. anyone of a similar plan .. regardless of thickness .. it’s just clear from the inside that it doesn’t fit snugly everywhere and the rubber around the perimeter (similar to a wiper blade) protects more from blowing than from cold.
Based on this (and also because of the insufficient * again IMHO * degree of protection) I did not use these gates as the main ones, but installed them in the annex to the garage on the fence line and in winter and at night I close the hinged insulated internal gates in the opening of the basement of the house.
Alutech lowered the quality, released a new gate by 5 mm. thinner, the energy efficiency of the panel has become even less, their gates have previously frozen, and now they will freeze even more.
I ordered garage gates directly at DoorHan just two months ago. Two weeks later, the gates were already in the garage. Workers did everything in literally 4 hours. I am satisfied with the services that I received, regardless of the fact that I read a lot of negative reviews about Dorkhan Group of Companies. I personally was happy with everything.
When buying or building a garage on your own, pay attention to the gates, after getting acquainted with useful information about structural and operational capabilities, manufacturing companies. Make a choice, trying to find a balance between price and quality of this important element of the garage.